Top Speed : The fastest recorded speed of the animal. Diet : What kind of foods the animal eats. Prey : The food that the animal gains energy from. Predators : Other animals that hunt and eat the animal. Lifestyle : Whether the animal is solitary or sociable. Group Behaviour : How the animal behaves in a group. Lifespan : How long the animal lives for. Age Of Sexual Maturity : When the animal can produce offspring.
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Gestation Period : The time from conception to birth. Average Litter Size : The average number of babies born at once. Name Of Young : The name given to the offspring.
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Age Of Weaning : The age when the mother stops providing milk for her young. Conservation Status : The likelihood of the animal becoming extinct. Estimated Population Size : How many of this animal are thought to exist. Biggest Threat : The largest danger to this animal.
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Most Distinctive Feature : Characteristics unique to this animal. Fun Fact : An exciting thing about this animal. Longevity is up to 49 years in captivity but rarely more than 40 in the wild. The tiger is the largest member of the cat family Felidae , rivaled only by the lion Panthera leo in strength and ferocity. The Siberian, or Amur, tiger P.
The Indian, or Bengal, tiger P. Next to the elephant and the lion, no wild animal is so frequently portrayed in Asian art and lore. The persistent practices of using tiger parts as talismans, tonics, or medicine, despite all scientific evidence contrary to their efficacy, are manifestations of beliefs that emanate from the aura of the tiger and the awe that it has inspired for millennia.
Certain animist communities still worship the tiger. Every 12th year of the Chinese calendar is the year of the tiger, and children born in it are considered especially lucky and powerful. Tigers are represented on seals from the ancient Indus civilization. The greatest of the Gupta emperors of ancient India, Samudra, minted special gold coins depicting him slaying tigers. Tippu Sultan even vented his frustration at his inability to defeat the British by ordering a special life-size toy, replete with sound, of a tiger mauling a British soldier.
In India, tigers have a history of attacking human visitors to zoos who either enter or place their hands into tiger enclosures. Tigers are also known to attack people in the wild, especially in the Sundarbans, a region of forests and swampland straddling the border between India and Bangladesh. By some accounts, 50 to people per year are killed in the Sundarbans by tigers. The relationship of the horse to humans has been unique. The horse is a partner and friend. It has plowed fields and brought in the harvest, hauled goods and conveyed passengers, followed game and tracked cattle, and carried combatants into battle and adventurers to unknown lands.
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It has provided recreation in the form of jousts, tournaments, carousels, and the sport of riding. The influence of the horse is expressed in the English language in such terms as chivalry and cavalier coming from the Latin caballarius , "horseman" , which connote honor, respect, good manners, and straightforwardness.
Many early human cultures were centered on possession of the horse. Greek mythology created the centaur, the most obvious symbol of the oneness of horse and rider. Despite being held in such high esteem, horses kill roughly people in the United States each year in riding accidents and other equestrian-related activities. Matched against horse ridership some 7 million or so , the risk of death is very small, however. Worldwide, deer make up any of 43 species of hoofed ruminants in the order Artiodactyla, notable for having two large and two small hooves on each foot and also for having antlers in the males of most species and in the females of one species.
Deer are native to all continents except Australia and Antarctica, and many species have been widely introduced beyond their original habitats as game animals.
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One species, the reindeer also known as the caribou , has been domesticated. Some swamp and island species are endangered, but most continental species are flourishing under protection and good management.
Deer, when granted some protection, readily exploit man-made disturbances caused by agriculture, forestry, and urbanization. White-tailed deer, normally a cherished North American game animal, have even become pests in suburbs and cities in the United States and Canada. Still, deer are common residents in urban and suburban landscapes, and unwary deer frequently cause automobile accidents on roads. According to one major insurance provider, hundreds of thousands of deer-vehicle accidents happen in the United States each year, resulting in millions of dollars of damage to cars and trucks and about deaths.
Elephants are the largest living land animals.
They are known by their long trunk elongated upper lip and nose , columnar legs, and huge heads with temporal glands and wide, flat ears. Elephants are grayish to brown in color, and their body hair is sparse and coarse. They are found most often in savannas, grasslands, and forests but occupy a wide range of habitats, including deserts, swamps, and highlands in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia.
The three living species of elephants are related to prehistoric woolly mammoths and mastodons. The African savanna, or bush, elephant Loxodonta africana weighs up to 8, kg 9 tons and stands 3 to 4 meters 10 to 13 feet at the shoulder. The African forest elephant Loxodonta cyclotis , which lives in rainforests, was recognized as a separate species in and is smaller than the savanna elephant.
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It has slender, downward-pointing tusks. The Asian elephant Elephas maximus weighs about 5, kg and has a shoulder height of up to 3. For many centuries the Asian elephant has been important as a ceremonial and draft animal. Females give birth during this winter rest and their offspring are often twins. Grizzly bears are powerful, top-of-the-food-chain predators , yet much of their diet consists of nuts, berries, fruit, leaves, and roots.
Bears also eat other animals , from rodents to moose. Grizzlies are typically brown, though their fur can appear to be white-tipped, or grizzled, lending them their traditional name. Despite their impressive size, grizzlies are quite fast and have been clocked at 30 miles an hour. They can be dangerous to humans, particularly if surprised or if humans come between a mother and her cubs.